The Spanishdespedirse (“to say goodbye; leave”) comes from the Latin petere (“to seek.”) With the des– prefix, despedirse literally means: to seek away from. You say goodbye when you’re looking for something else, away from where you are now.
From the Latin root, we get a few English words including:
Petulant. The petulant kid never stops seeking more and more.
Perpetual. What is doing something perpetually if not, looking for something and never getting what you want?
Repeat. That’s when you keep on looking for something over and over, and never find it.
Compete. It’s when you’re looking for something — and so is someone else.
Although there is no obvious English cognate, amargo is the Spanish word for bitter. Bittersweet, for example, is amargodulce: literally, bitter-sweet.
Interestingly, though, the very common Spanish word for “yellow,” amarillo, comes from this same root for bitter. It literally means “a bit of bitterness,” from the Latin amarus for “bitter” with the –illo diminuitive ending.
Yellow — the color of melancholy, of puke, of snot — is really the color of just a hint of bitterness.
Marchitar (Spanish for “to fade; to wither”) comes from the Latin marcere (“to decay, wither”) which itself comes from the ancient Proto-Indo-European root merk which also means the same, “to decay, wither.”
From the Proto-Indo-European root merk, we get the English… morning (via Old German — just remember the German morgen!).
Morning, after all, is just the end of the decay of the moon!
Hueso (Spanish for “bone”) comes from the Latin for the same, os. The connection is particularly easy to see when we remember that the H- is perfectly silent in Spanish.
From the same root we get the English ossify — literally, to turn into bone! — but, considering about 4 people know this word, it is easy to remember hueso if we connect it to another word it is related to, albeit more distantly: oyster.
Oyster comes from the Latin for the same, Ostreum, which itself comes from the Latin word os, “bone.” What is an oyster defined by, if not, its hard, bony shell?
The o-s root is clearly visible in all variations!